Is there a way to make this simple shape bend into a circle? … and keep the render time under an hour… 😊 $fn=40; radius=.5; offset=radius*2; for(i=[0:5]){ sign=(i%2==0) ? 1 : 1; translate([offset*2*i,0,0]) rotate_extrude(angle=sign*180) translate([offset,0]) circle(r=radius); } _______________________________________________ OpenSCAD mailing list [hidden email] http://lists.openscad.org/mailman/listinfo/discuss_lists.openscad.org 
Is the circle in the x/y plane or the x/z plane?
 Sent from: http://forum.openscad.org/ _______________________________________________ OpenSCAD mailing list [hidden email] http://lists.openscad.org/mailman/listinfo/discuss_lists.openscad.org 
I would generate the path as a list of points and then sweep a circle along the path. It would render almost instantly. On Wed, 9 Dec 2020 at 15:43, fred_dot_u via Discuss <[hidden email]> wrote: Is the circle in the x/y plane or the x/z plane? _______________________________________________ OpenSCAD mailing list [hidden email] http://lists.openscad.org/mailman/listinfo/discuss_lists.openscad.org 
Any chance you could provide a simple example? I’ve never swept anything along a path… From: nop head <[hidden email]> I would generate the path as a list of points and then sweep a circle along the path. It would render almost instantly. On Wed, 9 Dec 2020 at 15:43, fred_dot_u via Discuss <[hidden email]> wrote:
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Here is a possible code. The module path_sweep() is part of BOSL2 and sweep() is the classical one.
Em qua., 9 de dez. de 2020 às 20:32, <[hidden email]> escreveu:
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This post was updated on .
In reply to this post by khackbarth
khackbarth wrote
> Is there a way to make this simple shape bend into a circle? … and keep > the render time under an hour… 😊 Since you haven't responded to the question of which plane you want the circle on, and you have not responded to the suggestions, here's my take on it. $fn=40; radius=.5; offset=radius*2; rotate_extrude() { translate ([10,10,0]) projection() for(i=[0:5]){ sign=(i%2==0) ? 1 : 1; translate([offset*2*i,0,0]) rotate_extrude(angle=sign*180) translate([offset,0]) circle(r=radius); } } Untitled.png <http://forum.openscad.org/file/t2121/Untitled.png>  Sent from: http://forum.openscad.org/ _______________________________________________ OpenSCAD mailing list Discuss@lists.openscad.org http://lists.openscad.org/mailman/listinfo/discuss_lists.openscad.org 
I received a reply, which apparently didn't make it to the list/forum that
the objective is to circle the wagons in the x/y plane. My interpretation in 2D is the image above. If I knew how to make it in 3D, I'd stuff the code in here. If the OP thinks my interpretation is incorrect, I hope it will be corrected. I'm looking forward to the solution. <http://forum.openscad.org/file/t824/squiggle.png>  Sent from: http://forum.openscad.org/ _______________________________________________ OpenSCAD mailing list [hidden email] http://lists.openscad.org/mailman/listinfo/discuss_lists.openscad.org 
In reply to this post by lar3ry
Hi Larry,
I did reply but my email program inserted only the direct address to fred_dot_u. I told him X/Y. Thanks for your input. Ken Original Message From: lar3ry <[hidden email]> Sent: Thursday, December 10, 2020 9:26 AM To: [hidden email] Subject: Re: [OpenSCAD] bending a shape that's only slightly complex khackbarth wrote > Is there a way to make this simple shape bend into a circle? … and > keep the render time under an hour… 😊 Since you haven't responded to the question of which plane you want the circle on, and you have not responded to the suggestions, Untitled.png <http://forum.openscad.org/file/t2121/Untitled.png> here's my take on it. $fn=40; radius=.5; offset=radius*2; rotate_extrude() { translate ([10,10,0]) projection() for(i=[0:5]){ sign=(i%2==0) ? 1 : 1; translate([offset*2*i,0,0]) rotate_extrude(angle=sign*180) translate([offset,0]) circle(r=radius); } }  Sent from: http://forum.openscad.org/ _______________________________________________ OpenSCAD mailing list [hidden email] http://lists.openscad.org/mailman/listinfo/discuss_lists.openscad.org 
In reply to this post by Ronaldo
Running stock OpenSCAD version 2019.05 on Mac OS (Big Sur, M1, Rosetta2 Intel
emulation), there is no command sweep(), I get the error "WARNING: Ignoring unknown module 'sweep', in file ./, line 22." And what is BOSL2? Yeah, 3 years using OpenSCAD, and I still call myself a newbie. Sorry. Ronaldo wrote > Here is a possible code. The module path_sweep() is part of BOSL2 and > sweep() is the classical one. > > $fn=40; > radius=.5; > offset=radius*2; > > *for(i=[0:5]){ > sign=(i%2==0) ? 1 : 1; > translate([offset*2*i,0,0]) > rotate_extrude(angle=sign*180) > translate([offset,0]) > circle(r=radius); > } > > path = [for(i=[0:5],s=(i%2==0)? 1 : 1, a=[0:360/$fn:180360/$fn]) > offset*[2*icos(s*a), sin(s*a),0] ]; > > function bend_xz(p) = > let( perim = abs(p[len(p)1].xp[0].x), > r = perim/PI/2 ) > [for(pi=p) [r*cos(360*pi.x/perim), pi.y,r*sin(360*pi.x/perim)] ]; > > //path_sweep(circle(radius),bend_xz(path),closed=true); > sweep(circle(radius),bend_xz(path),closed=true); > > > [image: bend.PNG] > > Em qua., 9 de dez. de 2020 às 20:32, < > ken@ > > escreveu: > >> Any chance you could provide a simple example? I’ve never swept anything >> along a path… >> >> >> >> *From:* nop head < > nop.head@ > > >> *Sent:* Wednesday, December 9, 2020 8:47 AM >> *To:* OpenSCAD general discussion < > discuss@.openscad > > >> *Subject:* Re: [OpenSCAD] bending a shape that's only slightly complex >> >> >> >> I would generate the path as a list of points and then sweep a circle >> along the path. It would render almost instantly. >> >> >> >> On Wed, 9 Dec 2020 at 15:43, fred_dot_u via Discuss < >> > discuss@.openscad >> wrote: >> >> Is the circle in the x/y plane or the x/z plane? >> >> >> >>  >> Sent from: http://forum.openscad.org/ >> >> _______________________________________________ >> OpenSCAD mailing list >> > Discuss@.openscad >> http://lists.openscad.org/mailman/listinfo/discuss_lists.openscad.org >> >> _______________________________________________ >> OpenSCAD mailing list >> > Discuss@.openscad >> http://lists.openscad.org/mailman/listinfo/discuss_lists.openscad.org >> > > _______________________________________________ > OpenSCAD mailing list > Discuss@.openscad > http://lists.openscad.org/mailman/listinfo/discuss_lists.openscad.org > > > bend.PNG (29K) > <http://forum.openscad.org/attachment/31065/0/bend.PNG>  Make things, travel and tell stories.  Sent from: http://forum.openscad.org/ _______________________________________________ OpenSCAD mailing list [hidden email] http://lists.openscad.org/mailman/listinfo/discuss_lists.openscad.org
Make things, travel and tell stories.

Answered "What is BOSL2?" for myself, disregard that question :D
Cheers  Make things, travel and tell stories.  Sent from: http://forum.openscad.org/ _______________________________________________ OpenSCAD mailing list [hidden email] http://lists.openscad.org/mailman/listinfo/discuss_lists.openscad.org
Make things, travel and tell stories.

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In reply to this post by crunchysteve
See sweep <https://github.com/openscad/listcomprehensiondemos> .
 OpenSCAD Admin  email* me if you need anything, or if I've done something stupid... * on the Forum, click on my MichaelAtOz label, there is a link to email me. Unless specifically shown otherwise above, my contribution is in the Public Domain; to the extent possible under law, I have waived all copyright and related or neighbouring rights to this work. Obviously inclusion of works of previous authors is not included in the above.  Sent from: http://forum.openscad.org/ _______________________________________________ OpenSCAD mailing list [hidden email] http://lists.openscad.org/mailman/listinfo/discuss_lists.openscad.org
OpenSCAD Admin  email* me if you need anything, or if I've done something stupid...
* on the Forum, click on my MichaelAtOz label, there is a link to email me. Unless specifically shown otherwise above, my contribution is in the Public Domain; to the extent possible under law, I have waived all copyright and related or neighbouring rights to this work. Obviously inclusion of works of previous authors is not included in the above. 
In reply to this post by skypuppy
Nobody posted an example of what I thought was desired:
include<BOSL2/std.scad> include<BOSL2/skin.scad> $fn=16; ofs = 1; r=4; number=5; radius=.4; // If this is much bigger you need path_sweep2d path = [for(i=[0:2:359]) (r+ofs*sin(number*i))*[cos(i),sin(i)]]; path_sweep(circle(r=radius), path, closed=true); // path_sweep2d(circle(r=radius), path, closed=true); Note that if you fiddle with the parameters you can get selfintersections to occur at the peaks of the sin wave (creases in the model) and that makes the model invalid. (Curiously the RC version doesn't flag this as invalid, even though the render is wrong!) You can handle the selfintersections with path_sweep2d, but it's much slower, at least to preview, than the regular path_sweep. BOSL2 is the Belfry OpenSCAD Library: https://github.com/revarbat/BOSL2/wiki I believe the dotSCAD library also includes a path_sweep module (not sure what it's called). And of course listcomprehensiondemos has the original sweep(). skypuppy wrote > I'd like to know what it is before I jump down that rabbit hole. > > David > > > On 12/10/20 8:18 PM, crunchysteve wrote: >> Answered "What is BOSL2?" for myself, disregard that question :D >> >> Cheers >> >> >> >>  >> Make things, travel and tell stories. >>  >> Sent from: http://forum.openscad.org/ >> >> _______________________________________________ >> OpenSCAD mailing list >> > Discuss@.openscad >> http://lists.openscad.org/mailman/listinfo/discuss_lists.openscad.org > > _______________________________________________ > OpenSCAD mailing list > Discuss@.openscad > http://lists.openscad.org/mailman/listinfo/discuss_lists.openscad.org  Sent from: http://forum.openscad.org/ _______________________________________________ OpenSCAD mailing list [hidden email] http://lists.openscad.org/mailman/listinfo/discuss_lists.openscad.org 
In reply to this post by MichaelAtOz
I think this version might be broken by the 2019.05 release. It might
require a little hunting around on github for a working version, actually. MichaelAtOz wrote > See sweep <https://github.com/openscad/listcomprehensiondemos> . > > > >  > OpenSCAD Admin  email* me if you need anything, or if I've done > something stupid... > > * on the Forum, click on my MichaelAtOz label, there is a link to email > me. > > Unless specifically shown otherwise above, my contribution is in the > Public Domain; to the extent possible under law, I have waived all > copyright and related or neighbouring rights to this work. Obviously > inclusion of works of previous authors is not included in the above. > >  > Sent from: http://forum.openscad.org/ > > _______________________________________________ > OpenSCAD mailing list > Discuss@.openscad > http://lists.openscad.org/mailman/listinfo/discuss_lists.openscad.org  Sent from: http://forum.openscad.org/ _______________________________________________ OpenSCAD mailing list [hidden email] http://lists.openscad.org/mailman/listinfo/discuss_lists.openscad.org 
In reply to this post by skypuppy
Wow. BOSL has been talked about a LOT on this forum, and yet members do
not know about it. That is surprising. BOSL is a very full featured library JOn On 12/10/2020 10:04 PM, David wrote: > I'd like to know what it is before I jump down that rabbit hole. > > David > > > On 12/10/20 8:18 PM, crunchysteve wrote: >> Answered "What is BOSL2?" for myself, disregard that question :D >> >> Cheers >> > _______________________________________________ OpenSCAD mailing list [hidden email] http://lists.openscad.org/mailman/listinfo/discuss_lists.openscad.org 
In reply to this post by adrianv
I worked out the exact geometry of a path of circular arcs, and combined with sweep from BOSL2 in adrianv's example. The arc function was copied from my FunctionalOpenSCAD library: https://github.com/thehans/FunctionalOpenSCAD (and renamed from "arc" to "my_arc" so it doesn't conflict with BOSL2 ) Selfintersections shouldn't be an issue for most cases as long as "r2" is somewhat larger than "radius". oh and i decided to name your shape a "squiggy" include<BOSL2/std.scad> include<BOSL2/skin.scad> radius=4; sections = 6; r2 = radius*2; $fs=0.5; $fa=1; arcs = 2*sections; a_ext = 180+360/arcs; a_int = 360  a_ext; R_c = r2/sin(180/arcs); // radius of circle which squiggy centers lie on squiggy_points = [ for(i=[0:1:arcs1]) let(a_c=360*i/arcs) if (i%2) each my_arc(r=r2, angle=a_ext, offsetAngle=0+a_c, c=R_c*[cos(a_c),sin(a_c)], center=true, endpoint=false) else each my_arc(r=r2, angle=a_int, offsetAngle=180+a_c, c=R_c*[cos(a_c),sin(a_c)], center=true, endpoint=false) ]; path_sweep(circle(r=radius), squiggy_points, closed=true); // Generate a list of points for a circular arc with center c, radius r, etc. // "center" parameter centers the sweep of the arc about the offsetAngle (half to each side of it) // "internal" parameter enables polyhole radius correction // optional "d" parameter overrides r // optional "fragments" parameter overrides calculations from $fn,$fs,$fa with a direct input // optional "endpoint" parameter specifies whether or not to include the last point in the arc, // by default the endpoint is included as long as the angle is not 360 // setting endpoint=false can be useful to avoid duplicating points if you are concatenating arc paths together function my_arc(r=1, angle=360, offsetAngle=0, c=[0,0], center=false, internal=false, d, fragments, endpoint) = let ( r1 = d==undef ? r : d/2, fragments = fragments==undef ? ceil((abs(angle) / 360) * fragments(r1)) : fragments, step = angle / fragments, a = offsetAngle(center ? angle/2 : 0), R = internal ? to_internal(r1) : r1, last = endpoint==undef ? (abs(angle) == 360 ? 1 : 0) : (endpoint ? 0 : 1) ) [ for (i = [0:1:fragmentslast] ) let(a2=i*step+a) c+R*[cos(a2), sin(a2)] ]; function fragments(r=1) = ($fn > 0) ? ($fn >= 3 ? $fn : 3) : ceil(max(min(360.0 / $fa, r*2*PI / $fs), 5)); On Thu, Dec 10, 2020 at 9:43 PM adrianv <[hidden email]> wrote: Nobody posted an example of what I thought was desired: _______________________________________________ OpenSCAD mailing list [hidden email] http://lists.openscad.org/mailman/listinfo/discuss_lists.openscad.org squiggy.png (183K) Download Attachment 
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